Adapted from: www.alifta.org
His Eminence Shaykh `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan
His Eminence Shaykh Abdullah ibn Abdul-Rahman ibn Abdul-Razzaq Al-Ghudayyan Al-Tamimi
He descended from Al-Muhaddith from Banu Al-Anbar from Banu Amr ibn Tamim. His lineage originates from Amud Tabkhah ibn Ilias ibn Madar from the family of Adnan. His lineage on his mother’s side goes back to Al-Rashid from Utaybah, which descends from Hawazen.
He was born in 1345 A.H. in the city of Al-Zulfi.
As a young boy, he studied the basics of reading and writing under Abdullah ibn Abdul-Aziz Al-Suhaymy, Abdullah ibn Abdul-Rahman Al-Ghayth, and Falih Al-Rumy. He also studied the basics of Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), Tawhid (belief in the Oneness of Allah/monotheism), grammar, and inheritance under Hamdan ibn Ahmad Al-Batil. He traveled to Riyadh in 1363 A.H., and in 1366 A.H. he enrolled in Al-Madrasah Al-Su`udiyyah Al-Ibtida’iyyah (previously known as Madrasatul-Aytam) and graduated from there in 1368 A.H.
He was appointed as a teacher at Al-Madrasah Al-Aziziyyah. In 1371 A.H. he enrolled in the Educational Institute. During this period he studied under Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Al Al-Shaykh. He also studied Fiqh under Shaykh Suud ibn Rashud (who was the judge of Riyadh), Tawhid (belief in the Oneness of Allah/monotheism) under Shaykh Ibrahim ibn Sulayman, Arabic grammar, and inheritance under Shaykh Abdul-Latif ibn Ibrahim. He continued his studies until he graduated from the Faculty of Shariah in 1376 A.H. He was then appointed as Head of the Court of Al-Khubar, and in 1378 A.H. transferred to teaching at the Educational Institute. In 1380 A.H. he was appointed as a teacher at the Faculty of Shariah, and in 1386 A.H. he was transferred to passing Fatwas (legal opinions issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) at Dar Al-Ifta’.
In 1391 A.H. he was appointed as a member of both the Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ and the Council of Senior Scholars.
A member of the Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ and member of the Council of Senior Scholars
His Date of Appointment:
18 Sha`ban, 1413 A.H.
B.A. in Shari`ah
He received knowledge under a number of scholars in different fields, and from amongst the well-known (in addition to those already mentioned) are:
- His Eminence Shaykh Abdul-Aziz ibn Abdullah ibn Baz, under whom he studied Fiqh.
- Shaykh Abdullah Al-Khalify, under whom he also studied Fiqh.
- Shaykh Abdul-Aziz ibn Rashid, under whom he studied Fiqh, Tawhid, and inheritance.
- Shaykh Muhammad Al-Amin Al-Shanqity, under whom he studied Usul-ul-Fiqh (principles of Islamic jurisprudence), sciences of Qur’an, and Tafsir (explanation/exegesis of the meanings of the Qur’an).
- Shaykh Abdul-Rahman Al-Afriqy, under whom he studied Mustalah Al-Hadith (Hadith Terminology) and Hadith.
- Shaykh Abdul-Razzaq `Afify.
- Shaykh Abdul-Fattah Qary Al-Bukhary, under whom he studied Qur’an in the recitation of Hafs, to which the chain of transmission reaches the Messenger (peace be upon him).
In 1381 A.H. he was selected to be among those chosen to raise people’s awareness and to issue Fatwas during the Hajj season.
In addition to what has already been mentioned of his work, from 1389 A.H. to date * he has been a teacher of Fiqh, Usul-ul-Fiqh, Al-Qawaid Al-Fiqhiyyah, Hadith, and Mustalah Al-Hadith, Tafsir and its Sciences, and Aqidah (creed). He has also been teaching Fiqh in organized gatherings/lessons most days of the week, according to his schedule of many duties, after Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer and after Isha (Night) Prayer. Sometimes he teaches after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and after Asr (Afternoon) Prayer.
In addition to his work with the Permanent Committee, in 1395 A.H. he began giving lessons to students of knowledge in higher studies at the University of Imam Muhammad and the Faculty of Shari`ah in Fiqh, Usul-ul-Fiqh, and rules of Fiqh. He was also involved in supervising a number of theses. During this period, many students studied under him.
When Shaykh Abdullah ibn Humayd died in 1402 A.H., Shaykh Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan overtook the role of giving Fatwas on the radio program Nur `Ala Al-Darb.
- Up until the death of the Shaykh, May Allah have mercy upon him and grant him a high station in paradise!